Roma is a Queensland town in Australia that is located in the Maranoa district, five-hundred and fifteen kilometers from Brisbane. It’s situated at the joining highways of Carnarvon and Warrego. It’s the centre of a rich wheat-growing and pastoral district.
The town was established in 1867 and named after the lady Diamantina Bowen (nee Roma), who was the wife of Sir George Ferguson Bowen, the Governor of Queensland in the 1860’s. Also, it serves as the centre for the bigger Region of Maranoa. Churches, pubs and hotels feature prominently in this town’s centre.
History of Roma
Roma town was named after Lady (Contessa Diamantina di Roma) Diamantina Bowen, wife of George Bowen, who was the very first Queensland Governor in 1867. In the year 1863, Samuel Symons Bassett purchased the vine cuttings of Queensland to Roma and formed the Romaville Winery and after a century, Roma became the site of the first gas and oil discoveries in Australia.
Roma has a climate that is humid and subtropical, which receives enough precipitation avoiding the semi-arid climatic conditions. Its location on the far side of Carnarvon Range south at an elevation of two-hundred and ninety-nine meters above the sea level means that it’s wetter and cooler so compared to the plains to the west and south, while being drier and warmer than the east and north areas.
Roma has temperatures ranging from thirty-four Degrees Celsius during the summer to twenty Degrees Celsius during winter and winter minimums can reach below freezing; on the contrary, it seldom becomes colder than negative three Degrees Celsius. Rainfall is mild and distributed fairly throughout the year, having an annual average of (23.15 in) 587.9mm, however it shoots up during summer because of thunderstorms and frequent showers.
Where to Stay
There are several Roma Motel Accommodation options situated in the heart of Roma with varying amenities and conveniences. Bottle Tree Gardens Motel is one of the best value Accommodation options. Their website can be viewed at www.BottleTreeGardensRoma.com.au.
Industry and Economy
The agriculture industry in Maranoa is worth about $620 million annually, wherein 63.4% generated from crops. 58.7% of Maranoa’s businesses are majorly in the fishing, forestry and agriculture sector, which employs about 32.7% of the workforce in the region. Forestry plantations include Cypress Pines and Hardwood. Maranoa region and Rome is home to Australia’s most active native Cypress Pine saw milling.
Oil and Gas
Origin Energy’s Spring Gully Coal Sean Gas Development is almost eighty kilometers (50 mi) north of Roma and its projects consist of an eighty-seven kilometers (54 mi) gas pipeline to Roma’s neighboring town of Wallumbilla.
Local tourist attractions are the Big Rig and Oil and Gas Museum, Roma Saleyards and Romavilla Winery. To the northern part of Roma town is Carnarvon George in Carnarvon National Park.
Roma has a wide range of facilities which are accessible to the general public. Some of these facilities include golf course, public library, swimming pool, and visitor information center, Bassett Park showground, bowling green and several civic and sporting clubs facilities.
There are 2 schools in Roma, one of them is a stage government school known as Roma State College, and the other one in a non-government religious school known as St. John’s School.